Further correspondence with the Ministry of Justice
The Compliance Officer for IPSA holds the information that you request.
On 5 November 2014, you made a complaint regarding Jeremy Hunt MP. In the course of the Compliance Officer’s assessment of the complaint, correspondence was exchanged with IPSA, and with Jeremy Hunt MP (and his office). Following completion of the assessment, the Compliance Officer concluded that he did not believe there was any breach of the MPs’ Scheme of Business Costs and Expenses, and that he would not be opening an investigation.
You subsequently asked for the evidence obtained during the course of the assessment and received a response, dated 25 February 2014, stating:
We do not, under any circumstances, provide to complainants any hardcopy evidence obtained during the course of assessments, as we believe that the information we provide to complainants is sufficient for them to understand the outcome of assessments. In the case of the assessment of your complaint, the Compliance Officer believes that the information provided to you in his letter of 19 February 2014 provides sufficient explanation to enable you to understand the reasoning behind the outcome.
On 5 March 2014, you made a request under the FOIA, reference F2014-001, for the evidence o obtained during the course of the assessment. We responded on 6 August 2014, withholding the information under section 36(2)(c) of the FOIA.
A large part of the correspondence requested under this current request, F2014-004, is the same information previously withheld under your earlier request, reference F2014-001. Nonetheless, we took the opportunity to reconsider the correspondence requested, to evaluate whether disclosure would still be likely to prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs.
Your current request
We have considered your request for correspondence exchanged obtained, under the terms of the FOIA. We take seriously our obligations under the Act and have considered, on a case by case basis, all the pieces of correspondence requested.
Some of the correspondence exchanged with IPSA relates to claim information from IPSA, which is already publicly available on their publication website. The FOIA states that information that is accessible by other means is not subject to release. Therefore, as the information you have requested is already available on IPSA’s website, it is exempt from disclosure under section 21 of the FOIA (information accessible to applicant by other means). With regards to the remaining correspondence, we have considered the application of the exemption at s.36(2)(c) (prejudice to the effective conduct of public affairs) of the FOI Act.
This relates to information which, if disclosed, would, or would be likely to, prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs.
The application of this qualified exemption requires consideration by a Qualified Person, who proves a ‘reasonable opinion’ as to the exemption’s application, followed by a public interest balancing test. The Compliance Officer for IPSA, as designated by the Minister of State for Justice under s.36(5)(o)(ii) of the FOI Act, acts as the Qualified Person for the purposes of the FOIA.
In exercising his role as Qualified Person, the Compliance Officer considered your request, the information held, and the arguments surrounding the release of the information requested. He has considered that the Compliance Officer for IPSA, as a publicly-funded body, is accountable for the decisions it makes and should be as transparent as is reasonably practicable in its dealings with MPs. He acknowledged that that there is a public interest in understanding how decisions are reached and in ensuring trust in the procedures. He further considered that elements of the correspondence to which Section 40 (personal information) and Section 41 (information provided in confidence) might apply, can be redacted from any potential disclosure.
However, he also considered that MPs and their staff do not have a reasonable expectation that often sensitive and private correspondence, provided in confidence, will be put into the public domain – outside of that already specified in the publication procedures. There are very few, if any, regulatory bodies which publish correspondence exchanged during assessments or investigations.
As such, he noted that there is no reasonable expectation that such correspondence would be made freely available.
He considered whether the release of the correspondence requested would be likely to discourage other individuals from cooperating with assessments and investigations in the future, were they to consider that any information they voluntarily hand over to the Compliance Officer may end up in the public domain.
Were this to be the case, this would severely inhibit the ability of the Compliance Officer to effectively and thoroughly investigate complaints, and would prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs.
In balancing these arguments, the Compliance Officer has commented as follows:
I have considered all of the information to which the request refers.
In determining whether the evidence obtained should be exempt from disclosure as prejudicing the effective conduct of public affairs, I have done so mindful that, on balance, information should be released on request under the FOIA. While formulating my opinion, in the forefront of my mind was my duty, as Compliance Officer, to act as transparently as reasonably practicable so that complainants trust that their grievances have been accorded fair consideration and due process has been met.
My procedures for assessing and investigating complaints necessitate the cooperation of MPs and their offices. They cooperate on a basis of trust – that information provided to me is handled with sensitivity and in confidence.
MPs, who voluntarily cooperate with the Compliance Officer, do not have a reasonable expectation that this sensitive and private correspondence, provided in confidence, will be put into the public domain – outside of that already specified in the publication procedures.
In contrast, MPs have a reasonable expectation that sensitive and private correspondence, made in confidence, will not enter the public domain. As previously noted, there are very few, if any, regulatory bodies which publish all correspondence obtained during their investigations and/or assessments, and especially not where the complaint did not proceed to an investigation. There is no reasonable expectation that such correspondence will be made freely available.
Were correspondence between the Compliance Officer and MPs to be released in full, it would undoubtedly deter MPs from communicating with me in writing and create a ‘chilling effect’, whereby my ability to effectively conduct investigations, which is in the public interest, would be severely undermined.
This being the case, it would undermine the effectiveness of the functions of the Compliance Officer and compromise my (and any successors’) ability to ensure MPs complied with the expenses scheme. This would not be in the public interest. In short, the release of the information would be extremely likely to prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs.
In light of the above, I have reached the reasonable opinion that the release of the information requested in this case would prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs and is therefore exempt from release under s.36 of the FOI Act.
For these reasons, the Compliance Officer has, in his capacity as the Qualified Person, concluded that in his reasonable opinion, disclosure of the information would prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs, and therefore warrants engagement of the exemption at section 36(2)(c) of the FOIA.
We also carried out a public interest test, considering whether the public interest in disclosing the information you requested outweighed the Compliance Officer’s reasonable opinion that disclosure would prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs. We considered that there is a public interest in transparent dealing with MPs and in ensuring accountability, promoting public understanding and ensuring justice and fair treatment for all. We also considered that undermining the ability of the Compliance Officer to carry out his public functions would not be in the public interest.
We do not consider that the likely prejudicial harm caused by the release of the information is in the public interest, nor that the public interest in disclosure warrants the likely prejudicial harm which would be caused. As such, we have applied section 36(2)(c) to the information you have requested to exempt the requested information from release.
Internal Review Request: F2014-004-IR
Date responded: 11 November 2014
Internal Review Response
Thank you for your email of 23 October 2014 requesting an internal review of our response to your Freedom of Information (FOI) request F2014-004, regarding communications relating to your complaint. I have conducted the internal review and have set out my findings and conclusions below.
On 18 September 2014 you requested correspondence falling into the two following categories:
Communications between myself and IPSA , regarding your complaint about Jeremy Hunt MP; and
Communications sent to Jeremy Hunt MP, his office and any other people or offices, relating to my assessment of your complaint.
In our response, dated 14 October 2014, we informed you that part of the correspondence exchanged with IPSA included claim information, which is now publically available on IPSA’s website. As such, this information was exempted for release under section 21 of the FOIA (information accessible to applicant by other means). This is correct. All claims made by MPs are published on IPSA’s website and are therefore publically available.
Our response went on to consider the application of the exemption at section 36 of the FOIA with regards to the remaining correspondence, both with IPSA and sent to Jeremy Hunt MP, concluding that disclosure would be likely to prejudice the effective conduct of public affairs. In reviewing our response, I have reconsidered the application of the exemption.
With regards communications between myself and IPSA, the only other information we hold is a copy of an email sent to a member of IPSA’s staff requesting claim information. As just noted, this was withheld in our original response under section 36. That this was being withheld under section 36 was not sufficiently clear in our response. Further, having reviewed the email, I do not believe this exemption was correctly applied to this information under the terms of the FOIA. As such, please find attached an extracted copy of that email, in which we have withheld the following:
Personal data of third parties, under section 40 of the FOIA; and
Content falling outside the remit of your request.
Section 40(2) provides that personal information about third parties is exempt information if one of the conditions set out in section 40(3) is satisfied. Under the FOI Act disclosure of this information would breach the fair processing principle (Principle 1) of the Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA), where it would be unfair to those persons or is confidential. For further information, you may wish to visit the UK Legislation website.
Similarly, I have reviewed the remaining information withheld under section 36, relating to correspondence sent to Jeremy Hunt MP. In this instance, I have concluded the exemption was applied correctly, for the reasons noted in the original response.
The PDF version of this document contains copies fo original mail correspondence discussing this request.
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- October 14, 2014
- Exemptions Applied:
- Section 21, Section 36